acidentes domésticos

João Batista, de cinco anos, sofreu um acidente doméstico. Após abrir um brinquedo, colocou uma pilha pequena no nariz, que ficou ali por cerca de 15 dias. A mãe, Carmen, atribuía a respiração trancada do menino a uma gripe. Ela o levou à emergência do Hospital Infantil, onde um cirurgião retirou o objeto. Uma semana depois, João voltou ao hospital para retirar um coágulo que a pilha havia provocado no nariz. Ainda não se sabe que danos a pilha pode ter provocado à saúde do menino. João tomou antibiótico por 14 dias e ainda está sob observação.

Ser Saudável analisa a gravidade de acidentes que ocorrem diariamente em um breve momento de distração. As crianças são vítimas frequentes de acidentes domésticos. Apesar de vigiadas, buscam brincadeiras e situações perigosas. Histórias como a de João Batista são um alerta do perigo presente nos lares, lado a lado com as crianças.

Os apresentadores conversam com a presidente do Departamento Científico de Segurança da Criança e do Adolescente da Sociedade Brasileira de Pediatria, Renata Dejtiar Waksman; com o coordenador do Laboratório de Biomateriais em Ortopedia da FCM/Unicamp, William Dias Belangero; e com o pediatra e professor Unicamp, Ricardo Mendes Pereira.



O médico ortopedista Arnaldo José Hernandez, especializado em medicina esportiva, fala sobre Ortopedia.



O programa recebe o dentista José Carlos Garófalo para falar sobre Odontologia e Implantes


Do the Work

No Excuses. Do the Work.

Sometimes, a really hard workout makes all other work easier.

 This week we were on the track twice. Once for circuit training, run a lap and receive your torture assignment (lunges, squats, sit-ups, supermans, pushups, and drills). Then two days later it was 1x2400 meters at race pace followed by 12, yes 12, 200’s at barf pace. We did it like a relay with a partner and I barely had time to get my weary bones across the track before I had to take off again, seeing stars. Next time I think I want a slower partner?

My legs ache now, as I sit in my office. I love that feeling, the late in the day reminder when you stand up that you did something – something hard, something most people would never choose to do. It’s a reminder of good old-fashioned hard work.

The scoreboard at the high school track where we train sums it up perfectly: 
That is precisely the place where I want to be, the sweet spot where you are so busy doing your own work and living and loving your own life that you have no interest or inclination to make excuses for yourself or comments about others. It seems that runners have an easier time finding that zone…maybe because it requires a certain amount of raw effort to simply push through in order to get there, to even begin to work on that level.

I find that when I’m pushing myself to work physically (training), then other work comes more easily. I’m more creative so deadlines flow more easily. I can manage a stacked schedule with more grace and less fumbling. I can find solutions instead of spiraling into the land of Overwhelmed. I can access the calm within me when chaos swirls around me. I can parent my children with more patience and presence, thinking through situations rather than simply reacting to them, or to frustration. I can work on myself, the hard stuff, with more resilience and intensity. I can find the strength to look at things about me that need to change and find the willingness to keep trying. And when I fail at any of the above, I can tap into the endurance to dust off and get back on my feet.

I like work, effort, so much that it bugs me to shower without sweating first. I want to stink before I smell clean. I want to ache before I find relief. I want to feel hunger before I eat. I want to run before I rest.

Pushing on one level creates momentum on others. Keep going.

No excuses - do the work.

Getting Into Your Exercise Groove

This isn’t meant as an insult, but you are physiologically lazy. So am I. So are we all. Using treadmill testing, scientists have definitively established that, like other animals, humans naturally aim to use as little energy as possible during most movement. So when we walk or run, our bodies tend to choose a particular cadence, a combination of step length and step frequency, that allows us to move at any given speed with as little physiological effort as possible.

How we pick that cadence, though, and whether we can or would even want to change it has been unclear. But a series of recent studies involving runners, walkers, metronomes and virtual reality curtains suggests that while the tug of physiological laziness is strong, it can be controlled, or at least tweaked, with some conscious effort — and perhaps your iPhone playlist.

In the first and most revelatory of the studies, physiologists at Simon Fraser University in British Columbia asked adult volunteers to walk on a treadmill at an easy pace. Using motion capture technology, the scientists determined how many steps each person was taking per minute at this speed. A person’s pace depends, of course, on both step length and step frequency. But because the two are inextricably entwined — lengthen your stride and you’ll take fewer steps over a given distance — studying one provides sufficient information about the other, and frequency is easier to enumerate.

After establishing each volunteer’s preferred step frequency, the scientists then sped up or slowed the treadmill, and the researchers measured how quickly people’s legs responded.

The body, remember, wants things to be easy. When you increase or decrease the speed of your walking or running, various physiological changes occur; the amount of oxygen in your blood rises or falls, for instance, because your muscles start requiring more or less of the stuff. Other biochemical changes also occur within muscle cells. Sensing those changes, the body realizes that, at this new speed, your cadence isn’t ideal; you’re taking too few or too many steps to use the least possible amount of energy. Your body adjusts.

But that process takes a little while, at least five seconds or so for the oxygen levels to change and your body to recognize the alteration, says Max Donelan, a professor at Simon Fraser University who was a co-author of the study with his graduate student Mark Snaterse and others.

However, the walkers in the study were adjusting their step frequency within less than two seconds after the treadmill speed changed, Dr. Donelan points out. They then fine-tuned their pacing after that. But the first adjustment came almost instantly.

The same process occurred when the researchers repeated the experiment with runners. If the treadmill speed changed, the runners’ step frequency shifted almost immediately, too fast for internal physiology to have played much of a role.

These intsy adjustments suggest that our brains very likely contain huge libraries of preset paces, Dr. Donelan and his colleagues have concluded, of idealized, “physiologically efficient” step cadences for any given speed and condition. It seems probable, in fact, that over our lifetimes, Dr. Donelan says, our brains develop and store countless templates for most pacing situations. We learn and remember what cadence allows us to use the least energy at that speed, and when we reach that speed, we immediately default to our body’s most efficient pace.

Just how the brain recognizes that we are moving at any particular speed is not completely understood, Dr. Donelan says, but almost surely involves messages from the eyes, feet, ears, nervous system, skin and other bodily systems.

Interestingly, it seems to be quite difficult to fool your brain. When Dr. Donelan and his colleagues draped shower-curtain-like enclosures around the front of a treadmill, projected a virtual reality scene of a hallway onto it and then manipulated people’s sense of the speed with which they were moving through the hallway, they found that people’s step frequency would quickly change to match this supposed new speed. But then they would settle back into their former cadence, even as the virtual hallway continued to move past them at unnatural speed.

Visual cues simply were not strong enough to affect pacing for long.

But the scientists have found one signal that does seem effectively to override the body’s strong pull toward its preferred ways of moving: a strongly rhythmic beat. When Dr. Donelan and his colleagues fitted runners or walkers with headphones tuned to a metronome, they found that they could increase or decrease volunteers’ step frequency, even if that frequency was faster or slower than a person’s preferred step pattern. They would also maintain that pace for as long as the metronomic rhythm continued unaltered. The volunteers aligned their movement to the beat.

In practical terms, this finding suggests that music may be one of the best ways to affect the pace of your running or walking, especially if you are trying to maintain a pace with which you are not familiar or which feels awkward. Want to start jogging faster than you have in the past? Load your iPod with uptempo music, Dr. Donelan suggests (although obviously ease into any changes in training slowly, to lessen the risk of injuries).

Dr. Donelan and his colleagues even have recently launched an iPhone app called Cruise Control that allows people to coordinate their pacing with their playlists. Input your preferred running or walking speed and the app skims your music library (nonjudgmentally; if you like Nickelback, that’s your business) and strings together songs with the requisite beat, even subtly altering the tempo of songs, if needed.

But of course, if you’re comfortable with your pace as it is, stick with it. For me, the most stirring message of these recent experiments is that, left to its own devices, your body will almost always obligingly try to choose the least demanding pace for you, a goal with which I’m happy to fall into step.


Os cuidados na hora da alimentação

Saiba como doenças veiculadas por alimentos podem ser evitadas

Você já ouviu falar em doenças veiculadas por alimentos (DVAs)? Elas são doenças provocadas pelo consumo de alimentos que contenham micróbios, parasitas ou substâncias tóxicas prejudiciais à saúde. Os sintomas mais comuns de DVA provocam cansaço, dor de cabeça, vômito, diarreia e cãibra. Por isto, alguns cuidados na hora de se alimentar devem ser redobrados.

Como evitar

1- Observe, sempre, as características próprias de cada alimento, atentando-se a cor, sabor, consistência, sabor, temperatura e volume. Se estiver na dúvida quanto a alguns destes aspectos, não o consuma.

2- Fique atento às normas de higiene se você comer fora de casa, observando o aspecto dos utensílios, dos
alimentos e do vendedor.

3- Frutas e vegetais de cores variadas são fundamentais. Além de serem fontes ricas de todas as vitaminas, possuem minerais e fibras solúveis e insolúveis para o seu organismo.

4- Evite longos períodos em jejum, fracionando a quantidade de alimentos em quatro ou seis refeições durante o dia.

5- Consuma alimentos “de época”, que são mais nutritivos e baratos.

6- Beba muita água (filtrada), principalmente entre as refeições.

7- Evite consumir diariamente alimentos enlatados, embutidos ou industrializados.

8- Cuidado com o sal e o açúcar refinado. É sempre bom reduzir ao máximo o seu consumo.

9- Dietas milagrosas podem ocasionar o ganho de peso após com a mesma rapidez com que aconteceu a perda. Coma com moderação de todos os tipos de alimentos.

10- Procure saber detalhes sobre a composição do alimento através do rótulo ou pelo Serviço de Atendimento ao Cliente do fabricante. Seja curioso.

11- Sinta prazer enquanto preparar sua refeição. Lave, higienize, misture os ingredientes aproveitando toda a sua totalidade. Assim, o resultado será o mais positivo possível.

fonte: ativo.com


Portal reúne dados sobre atendimento a pacientes do SUS

A partir de agora, o usuário do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) poderá acessar as informações sobre o atendimento que recebeu nas unidades públicas, por meio do Portal de Saúde do Cidadão (http://portaldocidadao.saude.gov.br,). O novo portal foi lançado nesta terça-feira (5) pelo ministro da Saúde, Alexandre Padilha.

Saiba mais no Blog da Saúde: www.blog.saude.gov.br



Para falar sobre diabetes e a produção de insulina no Brasil, o programa recebe o endocrinologista Dr. Antônio Roberto Chacra.